Pharmaceutical Therapy

If lifestyle changes are not enough, medicines may be required to treat coronary artery disease (CAD). Medicines can help do the following:

  • Reduce the heart’s workload and relieve CAD symptoms
  • Decrease the chance of having a heart attack
  • Lower cholesterol and blood pressure
  • Prevent blood clots
  • Prevent or delay the need for a procedure or surgery


Medicines used to treat CAD include anticoagulants, also called blood thinners; aspirin and other anticlotting medicines; ACE inhibitors; beta blockers; calcium channel blockers; nitroglycerin; glycoprotein IIb-IIIa; statins; and fish oil and other supplements high in omega-3 fatty acids.

In some cases, surgery may be required.